Skip to main content
Green Business
PEF method

Understanding key concepts and how to implement them

Product Environmental Footprint: How it works

The Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) method, based on life cycle assessment (LCA), provides rules to quantify and communicate environmental impacts of products, including goods and services.

 Building upon global standards (e.g. ISO 14040/44) and other relevant approaches, PEF focuses on reducing impacts throughout the supply chain of products — from raw material extraction to waste management. It provides specific requirements for modelling material flows, emissions, and waste streams, enabling a thorough understanding and management of environmental impacts.

Learn how to perform  the PEF study to your product: Click here

Scope of the Product Environmental Footprint

An infographic showing the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) scope. There are three main elements to the graphic

The 7 stages of a product’s life cycle require resources and give off emissions. They each have an impact on the environment and humans.

Phases of a PEF study

Diagram illustrating the phases of a Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) study.

Product Environmental Footprint Category Rules (PEFCRs):
How they are developed

Based on PEF, Product Environmental Footprint Category Rules (PEFCR) can be further developed to improve the reproducibility, comparability, and verifiability of results for specific product groups or sectors. Drafted, managed and updated by the Technical Secretariat, the PEFCRs establish consistent and specific rules for calculating and comparing the environmental information within a product group with the aim to support, simplify and reduce costs in PEF studies.

Existing PEFCRs

PEFCRs have to be updated to reflect market developments, new data and methodological developments. Please note that more PEFCRs are currently being developed. 

Batteries and accumulators
Decorative paints
Feed for food producing 
Pet food
Synthetic Turf
Apparel and Footwear
Marine Fish